Getting to Know Your Urinary Tract Stones

Formation of urinary tract stones are quite common. It has been thought that one in ten people will have urinary tract stone problems once in their lives. Men and women between the ages of 20 to 50 years old are the ones often affected, with men twice more likely to get it than women. Here at our Spokane Valley urology practice, we thoroughly assess each client’s risk and propensity to forming urinary tract stones.

Below is a list of the most common urinary tract stones that you need to look out for.

Stone Formation

The exact cause of stone formation is relatively unknown. However, one of the primary way to prevent stones from forming would be to drink lots of clear fluids to make sure that the crystals are flushed out from your urinary tract.

1. Calcium Oxalate Stones – One of the kidney’s function is to remove excess calcium in the body. If you’ve been consuming too much calcium-rich food sources, there’s a good chance that your kidneys will store them as stones.

2. Struvite Stones – Struvite stones are associated with cases of urinary tract infection. The bacteria involved in the infection could split urea into ammonia which alkalinizes urine. The more alkaline your urine, the more favorable it is for struvite stone formation.

3. Calcium Phosphate Stones – These stones are mostly associated with conditions such as renal tubular acidosis and hyperparathyroidism.

4. Uric Acid Stones – High uric acid levels in the blood such as in the case of gout, metabolism disorders, and conditions treated with chemotherapy (leukemia, lymphoma, etc) could lead to uric acid stone formation.

5. Cystine Stones – Individuals with cystinuria are predisposed to cystine stone formation.

Urinary Tract Stone Treatment in Spokane Valley

Our urinary tract stone treatment begins with a collection of the stone/fragments. They are then sent for analysis. If you are a “stone former”, we will perform a metabolic evaluation which includes blood tests for calcium, kidney function, etc. We also like to have you submit a 24 hour urine collection of urine for analysis. We then advise our patient on how to minimize further formation of stones as well as treatment options, depending on the type of stone.

Contact us now for a personal consultation with Dr. Golden. Call us at (509) 921.0099 or fill out this online contact form. We look forward to your visit!

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