Understanding Gout and Hyperuricemia in Kidney Disease

Uric acid stones are one of the most common type of urinary tract stones. High levels of uric acid in the blood, also known as hyperuricemia, is the precursor of this type of stone formation. Apart from hyperuricemia, gout could also develop from too much uric acid in the blood and consequently lead to uric acid stone formation. Dr. Rob Golden, a Spokane Valley urologist, recommends checking your uric acid levels on a regular basis as a preventive measure.

Origins of Uric Acid

Uric acid is a byproduct of the breakdown of purines, naturally occurring substances found in food and in the body as well. Foods rich in purine include organ meats, seafood, red meat, beer, and those that contained high fructose corn syrup which is mostly found in heavily processed food sources.

Individuals with high levels of blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar are more inclined to have high levels of uric acid. Risks factors of hyperuricemia also include hypothyroidism, lead exposure, and extreme physical stress.

Uric Acid Stone Formation

Uric acid could accumulate in the joints which could result to impaired movement, pain, deformity, and swelling. On the other hand, uric acid crystals could form in the kidneys and consequently turn into stones. These stones could obstruct passage in your urinary tract and scar the surrounding areas with its edges. Infection is a common occurrence in uric acid stone formation.

How to Prevent Uric Acid Stone Formation

Preventing uric acid formation is all about modifying your lifestyle and daily habits, particularly when it comes to food. If you are prone to uric acid stone formation (you have family history or previous diagnosis of gout), your food consumption should come from plant sources rather than dairy, seafood, and heavily processed food items. You might want to regularly hydrate yourself.

Urinary Tract Stone Treatment in Spokane Valley

Our urinary tract stone treatment begins with a  collection of  the stone/fragments. They are then sent for analysis. If you are a “stone former”, we will perform a metabolic evaluation which includes blood tests for calcium, kidney function, etc. We also like to have you submit a 24 hour urine collection of urine for analysis. We then can advise our patient on how to minimize further formation of stones as well as treatment options, depending on the type of stone.

Contact us now for a personal consultation with Dr. Golden. Call us at (509) 921.0099 or fill out this online contact form. We look forward to your visit!

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